Thyroid Cancer Surgery at Medical City Plano
The head and neck cancer specialists at Medical City Plano treat the full range of thyroid cancers, including papillary carcinoma, follicular carcinoma, anaplastic carcinoma, medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) and thyroid lymphomas such as Hashimoto thyroiditis.
Treatment options include thyroidectomy surgery to remove all or part of the thyroid gland. There are four main types of thyroidectomy:
- Lobectomy and isthmusectomy
- Bilateral subtotal thyroidectomy
- Near total thyroidectomy
- Total thyroidectomy
For the treatment of follicular, papillary or medullary thyroid cancer, near total or total thyroidectomy is usually recommended. These types of surgeries provide the best chance for a cure. Lymph nodes in the area can be examined and removed during the course of the procedure.
Thyroid Treatment Options
In addition to thyroidectomy, the head and neck specialists at Medical City Plano perform additional procedures, including:
- Substernal thyroidectomy
- Papillary thyroid cancer
- Thyroid nodule
- Thyroid mass
- Recurrent laryngeal nerve
Symptoms of Thyroid Cancer
If you experience any of these symptoms, do not assume it is due to cancer. Most of these symptoms may be caused by other, less serious health conditions. If you experience any one of them, see your physician. The head and neck cancer specialists at Medical City Plano will be able to perform diagnostic tests and create a customized treatment plan to ensure the best chance of recovery.
Symptoms of thyroid cancer include the following:
- Swelling or lump in neck — An enlarging lump in the lower neck may be due to a thyroid nodule. The lump may be painless or painful.
- Neck pain — As thyroid cancer grows, it may put pressure on nearby nerves and structures, causing pain. The pain may irritate nerves, causing the sensation of pain to run from the area of the thyroid all the way up to the ears.
- Hoarse voice — Pressure from an enlarging thyroid on the nearby voice box may cause the voice to sound hoarse.
- Noisy breathing, wheezing —When the thyroid enlarges enough to press against the trachea (windpipe), your breathing may sound harsh (called stridor), raspy or wheezy (whistling).
- Cough — Pressure from a thyroid tumor on the trachea may also cause you to cough.
- Difficulty swallowing — If the thyroid expands enough to put pressure on the esophagus (the tube that carries food from the mouth into the stomach), you may find it hard to swallow.